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地址:桂林市甑皮岩路26号桂林甑皮岩国家考古遗址公园(凯风路与万福路交汇处之西北角)
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乘车路线:12路、28路、5路公交车甑皮岩路口站
 
 

桂林甑皮岩国家考古遗址公园简介

        桂林甑皮岩国家考古遗址公园位于国际旅游胜地、国家历史文化名城桂林城市的中心区,是依托甑皮岩大遗址、在原甑皮岩遗址博物馆基础上扩建的国家级考古遗址公园。
        甑皮岩遗址是华南乃至东南亚地区新石器时代早期洞穴遗址的典型代表,面积300平方米,1965年普查时发现,1973年进行第一次发掘,2001年进行第二次发掘。遗址年代距今12000年至距今7000年,其独特的学术价值有:
        1、发现了目前中国制作工艺最原始的陶器——甑皮岩遗址是中国陶器的重要起源地之一;
        2、发现众多独特的屈肢蹲葬——甑皮岩遗址是华南乃至东南亚地区蹲葬习俗的溯源地之一:
        3、出土保存较好的先民人骨——甑皮岩先民是现代华南乃至东南亚人的古老祖先之一;
       4、 甑皮岩文化反映了新石器时代早中期热带与亚热带地区原始人类适应自然的一种最佳模式。
        甑皮岩国家考古遗址公园2010年10月立项建设,2013年初步建成开放了遗址公园核心区。核心区占地97亩,由入口服务区、遗址保护区、文物展示区和模拟考古乐园等四个功能区组成,建有展示馆、文物库房、多功能厅、模拟考古发掘现场、原始作坊、原始篝火场、原始狩猎场、考古休闲坊等馆舍展示游览设施以及公园大门、讲解服务中心、售票房、停车场、办公楼、值班室、公厕、远古登山道等配套服务设施,安装了基本的消防、技防、防雷等安防设施。
        公园目前展示游览项目有敲响远古竹钟;观看甑皮岩先民“复活”专题片;探访洞穴家园(发掘现场);参观《万年前的桂林人》基本陈列;参与模拟发掘、石器仿制、古陶制作、钻木取火、原始狩猎等互动项目;登山观景;原始火锅体验等。
        甑皮岩国家考古遗址公园二期将新建洞穴考古国际交流中心(甑皮岩大遗址考古工作站)、综合服务中心、模拟考古体验中心、甑皮岩文化广场等设施,并延伸展示宝积岩、大岩、螺蛳岩、象鼻山岩等多个遗址点,建构“一园多点”的甑皮岩大遗址公园格局,探索我国大遗址保护“以小见大”的甑皮岩模式。


Brief Introduction of Guilin ZengPiyan National Heritage Park


The ZengPiyan National Heritage Park is located in the center of Guilin,which was named the international tourism resort and chinese history and culture city.It is the national heritage park relying on the ZengPiyan cave ,the expansion of the original Zengpiyan Museum .

Zengpiyan cave is a typical representative of the Neolithic Age in Southern China and even the area of Southeast Asia early cave sites.It ruins area of 300 square meters.The cave was discovered during survey in 1965,the firse excavations took place in 1973 , the second excavations took place in 2001.The cave dating from 12000 to 7000 years ago. The cave unique academic value including:

1、The archaeologists founds the most primitive pottery making technology,which laid Zengpiyan s position of one of the Chinese pottery s origins.
2、The archaeologists found the custom of squatting burial, which showed that Zengpiyan was the origin of the custom of squatting burial in South China and Southeast Asia.
  3、The archaeologists found remains of ancient human being’s bones, which interpreted that Zengpiyan prehistoric residents were the ancestors of modern men in South China and Southeast Asia.
 4、Zengpiyan culture reflects the original human,who lived in the early stage of Neolithic Age in tropical and subtropical area to adapt to an optimum model for natural.

The project construction of the ZengPiyan National Heritage Park in 2010 October, built in 2013. The park consists of four functional areas,which are  Service Area, Archaeological Sites, Cultural Relics Exhibition Area and Simulated Archaeological Paradise. Tour facilities including Exhibition Hall, Relics Storeroom, Multifunctional Exhibition Hall, Smulation of Archaeological Sites, Artificial Primitive Workshop, Artificial Primitive Bonfire Field, Artificial Primitive Hunting Ground and Archaeological Leisure Square.Supporting service facilities including The Entrance to the Park, Guide Service Center, Ticket Office, Parking Place,Office Building,Duty Room, Toilet, Mountain—climbing Path. The park installed security facilities including fire control, technology to prevent and lightning protection.

Tour project of park is composed of belling the original bamboo,watching the film of Zengpiyan ancestors resurrection feature, visiting the cave, visiting the exhibition  " Residents in the Guilin Area 10,000 years Ago ", participating in interactive projects including simulation of excavation, stone imitation, making ancient pottery, drilling wood to make fire, artificial primitive hunting,climing the hill and experiencing original hot pot.

The second phase of Guilin Zengpiyan National Heritage Park will build the International Exchange Center, Integrated Service Center, Simulation of Archaeological Experience Center, Zengpiyan Culture Square.The park will extended display the cave of Baojiyan、Dayan、Luosiyan、Xiangbiyan.It will construct the park pattern of “One Park Display More Cave " .To explore the Zengpiyan mode“see big things through small ones” of protection of great site.

 

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