电话:3655181 3655368

Zengpiyan Cave

Opening on the southwestern side of Du (Solitary) Hill in the southern suburbs of Guilin, Zengpiyan Cave is approximately 9 km south of the City Centre and about 300 m west of the Guilin-Yangshuo road. Du Hill lies between two other isolated hills - Xiangren to the north and Dafang to the south. These three limestone hills are situated in a small basin, with small plains and other limestone hills to the west, and the Li River to the east.

Zengpiyan cave contains a main chamber, an inner small chamber and a passage opening to an underground stream. The main chamber is 19.4 m long, up to 15 m wide and 4 m high, with a floor area of about 220 m2.

The cave was discovered during survey in 1965, and a 3 m2 trial trench was excavated.  Further excavations took place from 1973 to 1975, when a total of 80 m2 was excavated, followed by initial publication of data in the late 1970s. At that time, Zengpiyan clearly represented a new kind of archaeological assemblage in South China, but for various reasons many scholarly issues have still not been solved. In addition, the water level of the underground stream rises every year in the wet season, causing continuing erosion and damage to the remaining cultural deposits.

In order to preserve the site and obtain more archaeological data, another excavation was jointly conducted from April to August 2001 by the Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Science; the archaeological team of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region; Zengpiyan Archaeological Museum; and the archaeological team of Guilin City. A total of 10.26 m2 was excavated.

The multidisciplinary research team in 2001 included archaeologists, zoo-archaeologists, archaeobotanists, and physical anthropologists. Sherds from the basal Phase I, dated to 12,000 years ago, are among the earliest ceramics in China. Zengpiyan contains five archaeological phases that illustrate a sequence of ceramic typology and pottery manufacture dated between 12,000 and 7000 years ago.

The Zengpiyan research is very important, not only for understanding the characteristics of local prehistoric cultures, but also for investigating cultural exchanges between prehistoric South China and Southeast Asia. In addition, the Zengpiyan assemblage enables us to study prehistoric environmental change and the dynamic relationship between nature and human activity. 


版权所有 Copyright(C)甑皮岩国家考古遗址公园 桂ICP备13005491号